Vitamins are an irreplaceable source of health, beauty, and youthfulness for the skin. Nutrients supplied with food are not enough to maintain its optimal vitamin and mineral balance. A systematic approach will help enrich the dermis with sufficient vitamins: a balanced diet, the intake of modern multivitamin complexes, and fortified cosmetics. We will tell you what nutrients are needed for the skin of the face and what effect they have.
WHY ARE VITAMINS GOOD FOR THE SKIN OF THE FACE AND BODY?
Many vitamins directly impact the quality and condition of the skin of the face and body: their deficiency or excess can be expressed by dryness, peeling, irritation, redness, decreased tone, and loss of radiance and freshness of the epidermis.
To maintain the beauty and health of the skin, dermatologists recommend replenishing its vitamin and mineral balance both from the inside and outside, using appropriate cosmetics with active formulas.
Scientists have proven that the external use of vitamin complexes in sufficient volume provides the skin of the face and body with all the necessary substances. Vitamins are necessary for the skin at any age.
- Modern cosmetic formulas are based on cutting-edge research, which allows technologies to crush, combine and preserve active ingredients for the best result. Skin vitamins in the basis of home care cosmetics solve several main tasks:
- Nourish and enrich cells with microelements, and improve the appearance of the skin.
- Moisturize and soften the epidermis, and strengthen the hydrolipid mantle.
- Helps increase the synthesis of natural collagen and elastin.
- They reduce the visible signs of premature aging and prevent the appearance of new ones (wrinkles, pigmentation, reduced skin elasticity).
- They have an antioxidant and detoxifying effect and help skin cells fight the damaging effects of free radicals.
- Strengthen the epidermis and protect its barrier functions.
- Helps fight imperfections and traces of acne (blackheads, pimples).
- Regulate the production of sebum, and reduce the oily sheen of the face.
WHAT VITAMINS ARE NEEDED FOR BEAUTY, YOUTH, AND SKIN HEALTH
A separate vitamin or a complex of several of them at the heart of cosmetic formulas is designed to solve various problems of different skin types at any age. There are more than 10 vitamins that will help maintain the tone and health of the skin. Here is a rating of the best vitamins for face and body skin, often found in cosmetics.
Vitamin A derivatives (retinoids) are one of the cosmetology’s most popular antioxidant vitamins. Retinol is responsible for cell renewal, accelerates the processes of their regeneration, and is widely used in the care of oily, problematic, and mature skin. Vitamin A effectively evens out the tone and relief of the skin and restores its softness, radiance, and elasticity.
Retinol is photosensitive and has a pronounced exfoliating effect, so dermatologists recommend using sunscreen or a day cream with SPF in parallel with it. Vitamin A deficiency can cause a decrease in the protective hydrolipidic properties, elasticity, and firmness, causing dryness, peeling, thickening, and loss of skin radiance.
The complex of B vitamins consists of 11 different substances, the most common in cosmetology, of which are: vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacinamide), B5 (panthenol), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), B10 (H1, para-aminobenzoic acid), Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin).
All of the listed B vitamins have different but equally indispensable effects on the skin: from cell division and respiration to protecting and strengthening the barrier functions of the skin and reducing the negative effects of exposure to UV rays, they are responsible for lipid and protein metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is another essential antioxidant for beautiful skin. Vitamin C stimulates collagen synthesis, protects the skin from premature aging, evens out a tone (combats wrinkles, age spots, and post-acne marks) and facial relief, moisturizes, tightens pores, reduces oily sheen, and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Vitamin C is UV-sensitive, so always use sunscreen with SPF along with it. A lack of vitamin C can manifest in rashes on the background of oily problem skin, dryness, and flaking.
Calciferol, or vitamin D, known as the sunshine vitamin, is essential for strengthening cell membranes and reducing lipid oxidation. Up to 90% of vitamin D is synthesized in the skin under UV rays, so it is rarely included in cosmetics. With its deficiency, the face acquires a tired, dull color; dark circles appear under the eyes, and dryness and peeling of the skin.
Vitamin E or tocopherol is another antioxidant, without which the skin becomes dull, and its turgor and moisture decrease. Tocopherol resists free radicals, protects the skin from premature aging, promotes the synthesis of collagen and elastin responsible for skin tightening, restores its elasticity, nourishes, moisturizes, smoothes, accelerates the healing of damage, and strengthens the hydrolipid mantle.
A lot of vitamin E is found in oils and plant extracts. Often used to treat skin problems such as dermatitis, seborrhea, and eczema.
The popular name for vitamin F is linoleic acid or Omega-6, an essential vitamin for dry and sensitive skin with a tendency to develop imperfections. Quickly relieves dryness, and peeling soothes and softens irritated skin and restores tissue elasticity.
Vitamin F is indispensable in the composition of care formulas in the cold season, as it helps the skin withstand temperature changes, strengthening its protective properties.
Vitamin K promotes the speedy healing of bruises and mechanical damage to the skin (abrasions, wounds, burns). Due to the improvement of microcirculation, it can minimize the severity of rosacea (vascular network), relieve bruises under the eyes, and even out scars and stagnant spots (post-acne marks), scars.
Known as thioctic and alpha lipoic acid, it is a powerful antioxidant that prevents oxidative stress in the skin and has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and protective properties.
Vitamin N is often found in anti-aging formulas, prevents glycation, restores firmness and elasticity to the skin, and protects vitamins E and C from the damaging effects of free radicals. Reduces the risk of irritation, suitable for dry, sensitive skin.
Along with vitamin C, vitamin P or rutin also has a powerful antioxidant and pronounced protective effect and improves skin condition. Vitamin P strengthens blood vessels, prevents rosacea, minimizes redness, and is suitable for skin care with rosacea. It is important to remember that hypovitaminosis of vitamin P can cause a worsening of acne, and a deficiency of the substance affects the state of the vascular wall: a characteristic blue tissue appears in spider veins.
Nicotinic acid or vitamin PP stimulates skin cell regeneration, improves skin microcirculation of the skin, relieves sagging, well relieves inflammation, prevents transepidermal moisture loss, improves skin tone and tone, and improves skin tone and texture, reduces the first signs of age-related changes: wrinkles and pigmentation. Also suitable for the care of oily problem skin, controlling the activity of the sebaceous glands and the synthesis of sebum.
Another antioxidant vitamin responsible for moisturizing and softening the skin is beta-carotene, which can also be found in hair masks. In the basis of skin creams, the component helps to strengthen and protect the epidermis from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation and photoaging and is found in sunscreens.
Beta-carotene is a source of vitamin A.
WHAT VITAMINS ARE NEEDED FOR VARIOUS SKIN PROBLEMS
- If you have a specific skin problem, use a remedy based on certain nutritional complexes designed to correct various skin imperfections. Let us analyze under what imperfections it is recommended to apply formulas with the correct set of components. Top best vitamins for skin for different skin needs:
- From wrinkles (for youthful skin)
- Retinol (vitamin A), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), vitamin D, vitamin E, niacinamide (vitamin B3), vitamin F, vitamin N, vitamins P, PP, beta-carotene.
- Against dryness (to moisturize the skin)
- Vitamin A, vitamins B1, B6, B7, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin F, beta-carotene.
- From sagging (for elasticity and firmness of the skin)
- Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamins B1, B2, B9, vitamin F, vitamin PP.
- For regeneration and healing
- Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamins B2, B5, B7, vitamin PP.
- From acne and black spots
- Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B12.
- WHEN CAN VITAMIN DEFICIENCY OCCUR?
- Avitaminosis, or vitamin deficiency, can occur at any age, but children, pregnant women, and the elderly are most susceptible. Often, the skin reacts to a lack or excess of nutrients with increased dryness, peeling, and irritation, which can appear on any part of the body: legs, arms, back, chest, and head.
The lack of certain substances is seasonal; for example, in the cold season (autumn and winter), the risk of beriberi increases by reducing the consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits enriched with vitamins and minerals.
Accordingly, in summer and spring, their consumption increases, and the body compensates for the vitamin deficiency. Adhering to strict diets and food restrictions, the skin also suffers from beriberi, which affects its appearance.
HOW CAN YOU COMPENSATE FOR THE LACK OF VITAMINS
With food, vitamins enter the human body in insufficient quantities to fully support the organs. Therefore, for the skin to remain healthy, fresh, hydrated, and young longer, an integrated approach is needed:
- A balanced diet
- The consumption of biologically active solgar chelated zinc supplements to the daily diet
- A beauty routine enriched with vitamins
Cosmetics with vitamins
The most highly concentrated formulas differ in face creams and serums. The compositions of these products can combine several vitamins at once or have a mono-vitamin base. The composition should be chosen based on the type, condition, and skin needs.
Injection-based aesthetic procedures, such as revitalization and mesotherapy, involve the delivery of a vitamin complex with hyaluronic acid into the deep dermal layers. Alternative non-invasive methods of skin bituminization are electroporation and non-injection mesotherapy.
Bioadditives enrich the body with nutrients; in particular, they help nourish the skin with vitamins from the inside and make up for the lack of useful components that come with food.
The easiest way to fortify the body is a balanced diet. Enrich your diet with fresh fruits and vegetables, herbs, berries, nuts, and cereals – these foods are high in nutrients and positively affect the skin.
REVIEW OF COSMETICS WITH VITAMINS LA ROCHE-POSAY
Here is an overview of products with fortified formulas from La Roche-Posay.
Anti-aging care for normal and/or combination skin Redermic C with a formula based on pure vitamin C is involved in collagen synthesis, increases skin turgor, and restores freshness to the image and natural radiance to the face. Effectively fights all signs of aging: wrinkles, pigmentation, loss of elasticity.